The December 2016 international conference held in Nanjing to discuss the theme “Religion, Values, Ethics and Development” was one of the few in China to bring together both scholars of religion and faith-based development practitioners. Co-organized and hosted by the Amity Foundation and the Institute of World Religions of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences (CASS), the conference provided a platform for the discussion of how religion can nurture sustainable development given the urgent issues confronting humanity today. The conference involved participants from different religious backgrounds in China, including those from Taiwan, Macao and Hong Kong. Also, other participants came from 15 countries in four continents. The gathering of more than 250 participants focused on religion’s positive role and the need for religions to be engaged in attaining the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) 2030. This volume incorporates most of the papers delivered at the conference.